Ernst and Leonardo
Across the centuries, Touraine brought together the Surrealist and the Renaissance master, to whom Max Ernst paid a vibrant tribute in this late work.
Max Ernst (1891-1976), Project for a monument to Leonardo da Vinci, 1957, oil on canvas signed, dated, titled and countersigned, 130 x 97 cm.
Adagp, Paris, 2019
Though more than four centuries separated Max Ernst and Leonardo da Vinci, they certainly shared one thing: love for the land they adopted, the Touraine region, to which the German artist moved in 1955. It was a way of turning his back on Paris, where the face of art had changed considerably after the war. On his return from exile in America, it proved difficult for Ernst to find his place there, despite being awarded the Grand Prix for Painting at the 27th Venice Biennale in 1954 (which earned him André Breton's fierce disapproval). This was because Paris had now eagerly taken up abstraction and informal art: aesthetics that were foreign to Ernst. He retreated into his house "Le Pin Perdu" in Huismes in the Loire Valley, whose calm and gentle way of life he found highly conducive, and where he could freely focus on his work away from critical debate. For nearly ten years, he produced works characterised by a variety of techniques, styles and subjects, though they are less well-known than those of his Surrealist years in Paris and the US. His period in the region provided an opportunity to pay tribute to Leonardo da Vinci, whom he greatly admired. In 1925, with his "frottage" experiments, he took the Renaissance master at his word: "If you look at walls spotted with stains or with a mixture of stones [...], you will see strange faces and costumes, and an endless variety of things that you can transform into complete, well-conceived forms. " About thirty years later, a silhouette and a head with the profile of a bird (a recurring theme in Ernst's work) emerged from the material of this canvas. This Project for a Monument to Leonardo da Vinci is part of a series of paintings dedicated to the latter between 1956 and 1957.