Les voyages de la Nouvelle France Occidentale, dicte Canada. Bound in-4 full calf, board with double gold border, spine with 5 nerves, boxes with gold border and fleurons, title on the second box "VOYAGES. / DE . / CANADA." Paris, Claude Collet, 1632. First edition in part, summarizing Champlain's discoveries and expeditions from 1603 to 1629. Two parts bound in one volume. Complete with the Traitte de la Marine et du devoir d'un bon marinier, in the original edition, published as a supplement to his travel reports. Notes in the margin. Complete with 6 engravings (2 full page, and 4 in-text), the folding map of New France is of a later printing: 33 x 55 cm without the marie-louise, captioned "faicte en 1632 par le Sieur de Champlain", and complete with 8 pages of the "Table pour cognoistre les lieux remarquables en ceste carte". To claim a region, a country had to prove that it had explored it and Champlain's maps allowed the French to assert their rights over Acadia and the St. Lawrence Valley. Wet stamp "V. JUIN" on many pages, and his handwritten signature dated January 21, 1864 p48, n.d. and p166 in pencil. Some passages underlined in pencil. Bound in the following: la Doctrine chrestienne du R.P. Ledesme de la compagnie de Jesus. Translated into Canadian language, other than that of the Montagnars for the conversion of the inhabitants of the said country. By Father Breboeuf of the same Company. Followed by The Sunday Prayer translated into the language of the Montagnars of Canada by Father Massé of the Society of Jesus. This last text is cut in two by the table of the chapters of Champlain's books bound between the last two leaves. Last text published before his last trip to Canada, departure on March 23, 1633 and arrival on May 22 in Quebec, city he founded and where he died on December 25, 1635 and was buried. Written in 1631, Champlain is trying to get out of the disgrace of Louis XIII following the capture of Quebec by the English two years earlier. He reminds him of his actions, even going so far as to risk his life in the service of the crown, partly repeating and reworking his previous texts. It is this work that is now an essential reference on New France and old Quebec.