For Manichak and Jean Aurance, what triggered their collection of pre-Columbian objects was their visit to the exhibition "Chefs-d'œuvre d'art mexicain" (Masterpieces of Mexican art) at the Petit Palais in Paris in 1962. These former students of the Arts Décoratifs and Beaux-Arts schools in Paris instantly fell in love with a formal world hitherto unknown to them. A few months later, this led to their first purchase at Olivier Le Corneur's gallery. As they gradually built up a collection, this was structured by key pieces gleaned from prominent aesthete dealers in the Parisian milieu of pre-Columbian art lovers of the 1960s and 1970s. Jean Roudillon, one of their special contacts, remembers this "incredible period when we discovered the pre-Hispanic civilisations through an influx of original objects. Given their amazing quality, there was no call to restore them; they were magnificent in their incomplete state." The expert considers that it is precisely the trademark of the Aurance collection – this famous "lack of any restoration that can destroy an object", to quote Manichak – which should ensure the success of the sale. For instance, we find a superb incomplete religious mask (ca. 450-650) from Teotihuacan reproducing the face of a great lord, similar to the mask in André Breton's collection dating from the same period (now in the Musée du quai Branly in Paris). Anyone who fancies this fine example of lapidary art from the "City of the Gods" will need €6,000/8,000.
Mother goddesses from Aztec mythology
Looking at the catalogue, we can see that the Aurances were mainly drawn to Mesoamerican cultures, particularly the fascinating world of the Aztecs. "Here it is illustrated by a group of extraordinary sculptures, including these two statues of female deities, which are the real masterpieces in the collection," says sale expert Serge Reynès. The first of these, a statue in volcanic stone dating from the imperial period (1350-1521), represents Coatlicue, goddess of the earth and fertility – one of the pillars of the Aztec religion, as she was the mother of the gods who gave birth to the moon, the stars and the fearsome Huitzilopochtli, god of the sun and war. She was a highly protective figure also known to her worshippers as "Toci", "our grand-mother". This is the form she takes in the Aurance collection. As she may be the only extant representation of this type, she has a high estimate: €50,000/80,000. The second primordial goddess in the pantheon, Chalchiuhtlicue, ruled over the world of water. Here she is shown seated, wearing a huipil: a garment with three rectangular panels embellished with several pendants. Her face, turned to the sky beneath a skilfully made architectural headdress, is imbued with an ecstatic expression that should garner her €40,000/60,000. In addition, these two statues – probably intended for devotional purposes – were highly acclaimed at landmark exhibitions including the one at Geneva's Rath Museum: "Mexico: land of the gods – Treasures of pre-Columbian art" (November 1998 to January 1999).
But the term "Aztec religion" also conjures up the idea of "sacrificial offerings"… And these are evoked by an impressive quadrangular ceremonial altar carved in the round with death's heads and interlaced tibias. Once belonging to the famous collection of French historian Eugène Pépin, this monolith, contemporary with the two previous pieces, comes from the capital, Tenochtitlan: present day Mexico City (estimate: €30,000/40,000).
Kings, priests and warriors: the world of the Mayas
Far from there, between Yucatan and current Guatemala, lay the land of the Mayas. Divided into several city states, this area developed an extremely refined art, as witness a bas-relief embellished with a priest-lord holding an incense burner, floating in the age-old waters of the infraworld, or underworld. "A piece with a particularly interesting pedigree as it was bought in 1969 from the colourful explorer and dealer Robert Vergnes," says Serge Reynès. So this looks set to fetch €20,000/30,000.
The Mayans' great speciality was their terracotta works, including artefacts produced on Jaina Island in Campeche State. These are illustrated by the figure of another priest-lord (c. 550-900), seated in a hieratic position, palms turned symbolically towards the front. A highly revealing detail: the two cheek-guards he wears, designed to protect him from injuries during the ritual ball game. This admirable piece will cost you €6,000/8,000. Lastly, the many polychrome ceramic recipients include an outstanding cylinder vase painted on the outer surfaces with two cartouches personifying Chaac, the god of rain. Two volutes emerge from his mouth, symbolising water flowing from a spring or fountain. The effigy echoes the mask of the deity worn by priests during sacred ceremonies. You will need €4,000/6,000 for this representation of one of the key figures in the Mayan pantheon.