Gazette Drouot logo print
Lot n° 130

Psyche in mahogany, mahogany veneer, painted wood,...

Estimate :
Subscribers only

Psyche in mahogany, mahogany veneer, painted wood, gilded wood and mercury mirror. The central mirror pivots in a pedimented frame, supported by two sheathed and draped caryatids. The whole rests on lion paw feet. It is beautifully decorated with copper inlays and gilded bronzes featuring vases, palmettes, Greek stars, lozenges and culottes. Attributed to Jacob-Desmalter (1803-1813) Paris. Empire period, circa 1807-1810. H_203 cm W_108 cm D_65 cm. The absence of a stamp is justified by the fact that, as part of a bedroom or wardrobe furnishing, the psyche, like the bed and nightstands, was not stamped ("le Mobilier du Musée Carnavalet, page 245"). Nevertheless, the quality of execution of our psyche, as well as its kinship with the one from the former collection of the Marquise de Villefranche, allows us to attribute it with a high degree of certainty to François-Honoré-Georges Jacob, who, following the premature death of his brother, Georges II (1768 - 1803), with whom he was associated under the name Jacob-Frères on rue Meslée, re-established a partnership with his father, Georges Jacob, under the name Jacob-Desmalter (1803 - 1813). A print from the Mésangère collection, dating from 1807 (fig. 1), even allows us to date it with some precision (1807 - 1810). A print taken from the 1807 Mésangère collection even allows us to date it with some precision (1807 - 1810). It is interesting to note that the designer of our psyche was largely inspired by this project, which was also attributed to Charles Percier. Complementary to the dressing table, the psyche appeared a little before the Empire. As a result, this new type of furniture, for a time in search of an identity, went through a succession of different names In 1805, the term was used in a submission by Jacob-Desmalter (Lefuel, F.H.G Jacob-Desmalter, p. 342). Écran à glace, glace à écran and glace à psyché: These three terms are used successively by La Mésangère in the order given, with the term "psyché" used only at the end of his collection. The term "écran à glace" is still used in 1837 for a delivery by Thomire for Trianon (Ledoux-Lebard), Le Grand Trianon, p 57). Miroir à la psyché : This term was found, in 1810, in a memoir by Jacob-Desmalter (Lefuel, F.H.G. Jacob-Desmalter, p. 226) and, in 1811, in a submission by Maigret for the Tuileries (Ledoux-Lebard, Le Grand Trianon, p. 57). Miroir de Toilette This term is found in a memoir by Jacob-Desmalter: Le meuble a six pieds de haut (Lefuel, F.H.G. Jacob-Desmalter, p. 306). Miroir à Écran: This term appears in a memoir by Thomire-Duterme et Cie, dated October 18, 1809: "un grand miroir à écran, dit psyché...". (Grandjean, Empire Furniture, p. 110). Psyché: The term "psyché", which, as we saw above, seems to appear late in La Mésangère's collections, can already be found in a memoir by Jacob-Desmalter, dated 1805, concerning Le Grand Trianon (Lefuel, F.H.G. JacobDesmalter, p. 352): "Une psyché pour toilette...".