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Lot n° 41

Hyacinthe RIGAUD (1659-1743) and his studio Portrait...

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Hyacinthe RIGAUD (1659-1743) and his studio Portrait of Marc Pierre de Voyer de Paulmy, comte d'Argenson (1696-1764) Canvas. Old restorations. 130 x 96 cm Gilded wood frame from the 18th century (restorations). Provenance: formerly at Château des Ormes until 1900; collection of the Marquise d'Argenson; by inheritance to the Marquis de Goulaine, his grandson, then by descent, Château de Goulaine. Bibliography: Bremen, 2000, repr. p. 58 (for the Versailles version); Perreau, 2013, cat. P. 1374, p. 285; Ariane James-Sarazin with the collaboration of Jean Yves Sarazin, T. II, 2016, cat. P.1468, p. 514 (1724). Related works: Oil on canvas after Rigaud. H. 137 ; L. 116. Versailles, Musée National du Château (Inv. 7563, MV3830), LP 2261. See Constans, 1995, II, p. 761, n°4294. Purchased by the chevalier de Langeac for Versailles in 1836. Black stone, red chalk, gray wash, colored gouache on gray paper. H. 42; L. 33. Montpellier, Musée Atger (Inv. MA 364). Black stone, stump, black ink, white chalk and gouache highlights, bistre paper, laid to square. H. 38 ; L. 29,2. Vienna, Graphische Sammlung Albertina. Engraved as a bust in an oval by Gilles-Edme Petit without date. In the cartouche: "MARC-PIERRE DE VOYER DE PAULMY, CH.ER. C.TE D'ARGENSON / Minister and Secretary of State, Chancellor and Keeper of the Seals des Sceaux de /l'Ordre Royal et Militaire de St. Louis, Grand Maître et Sur / Intendant général des Couriers, Postes et Relais de France. Under the square line: Painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud Ecuyer Chevalier de l'Ordre de St. Michel, Engraved by Petit." Born in Paris on August 16, 1696, Marc-Pierre Voyer de Paulmy, comte d'Argenson was the youngest son of police lieutenant Marc-René de Voyer d'Argenson (1652-1721), best known as Minister of War. His brother, René-Louis de Voyer, Marquis d'Argenson (1694-1757), also known as "Argenson la Bête", was Maître des requêtes and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs after Fleury's death. Fleury's death. Our model served successively as avocat, avocat du roi au Châtelet, conseiller au Parlement (August 29, 1719), maître des requêtes (November 17, 1719). But more than that, he easily passed every stage of the stages of the cursus honorum. Then came the great posts: lieutenancy of police in Paris (1720 & 1722-1724), as well as intendancy of Tours (February 18, 1721) and Paris (1741), chancellor, keeper of the seals of the Order of Saint-Louis in 1721, again lieutenant of police on April 26, 1722, chancellor to the Duke of Orléans (1723), Conseiller d'État on January 28, 1724, honorary member of the Académie des Sciences (August 31, 1726), he became first president of the Grand Conseil (1739). On August 28, 1742, d'Argenson joined the Conseil d'Etat d'en Haut and, on January 1, 1743, was appointed Secretary of State for War. He held this latter post for fifteen years, adding the superintendence of the Post Office in November 1744. Since 1749, he had been responsible for the department of Paris, and was concerned with the beautification of the capital and designed the first project for the future Place Louis XV. His disgrace, which occurred on February 1, 1757 (at the same time as that of Machault, his sworn enemy), was undoubtedly due to the antipathy of the Marquise de Pompadour. Mme du Deffand said of him that "no one is more cautious, less mysterious or more free of falsehood. The elevation of his sentiments, the enlightenment of his mind, are sufficient proof of his uprightness and probity, independently of any other principle". Exiled to his land at Les Ormes (acquired in 1729), he died in Paris on August 28, 1764. On May 24, 1719, he married Anne Larcher, daughter of Anne-Thérèse Hébert du Buc and Pierre Larcher, a wealthy member of the Paris Parliament, seigneur of Pocancy and member of one of the oldest and most distinguished families of the noblesse de robe. Through this union, our model had joined a family that was already a Rigaud client through several branches. Indeed, Pierre Larcher was the brother of Michel III, painted around 1710. As for Anne-Thérèse Hébert, she was the daughter of André Pierre, maître des requêtes, and Anne Françoise Legendre de Lormoy, who had passed through the artist's studio in 1702. D'Argenson had been an honorary member of the Académie des Inscriptions since 1749 and, since 1721, Chancellor and Keeper of the Seals of the Military Order of Saint-Louis, whose red cord he wears in saltire on his portrait by Rigaud. by Rigaud. Despite its lack of notation in the artist's account books, the effigy must have cost around 3,000 livres and must have been produced around 1732. The way in which the body is positioned, seated in a large armchair with an agitated backrest and armrests decorated with acanthus leaf scrolls, speaks for itself. The drawings, meanwhile, are identical in every respect to the