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Lot n° 1

THE "CALATA" OF CHARLES VIII CHARLES...

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THE "CALATA" OF CHARLES VIII CHARLES VIII. Signed "Charles", countersigned on the flap by his secretary Jean Du Bois. Verceil [Vercelli], 19 September 1495. 2/3 p. oblong folio, remnant of seal on parchment binding, old restoration on spine. VERY RARE WITNESS OF THE FIRST "ITALIAN WAR", this "descent", in Italian "calata", that King Charles VIII led to Naples to take possession of the inheritance of his Angevin ancestors claiming the thrones of Sicily and Jerusalem. The suscription of the present act reads "Charles by the grace of God king of France, of Secille and of Hyerusalem". REWARD TO TWO HEROES OF THE BATTLE OF FORNOUA, Gian-Nicolò Trivulzio ("Nicolas de Trevoulse") and his father the condottiere Gian-Giacomo Trivulzio ("Jehan Jaques de Trevoulse"), future marshal of France, who commanded the vanguard at Fornoue. There, on July 6, 1495, a famous battle took place, won over the troops of the League of Venice thanks to a cavalry charge whose impetuosity was evoked under the term "furia francese". Letters patent granting an annual pension of 3000 livres tournois to Gian-Nicolò Trivulzio, so that he "may have the means to greatly and honestly maintain his state in our service and to bear the expenses that these causes require of him... and in favour of the commendable services that he and his father did for us during our journey which we made for the conquest and recovery of our kingdom of Secille and even, on our return, at the day of FOURNOUE, where they were very willing to confront our enemies by exposing their persons for our service... » DOCUMENT CONTESTED BY ANOTHER FIGHTER OF FORNOUE, JEAN DU BOIS: master of accounts then controller general and secretary of finances of Charles VIII, moreover brother-in-law of Thomas Bohier, he showed valour in war and was made a knight on the battlefield of Fornoue.

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