La Gazette Drouot
Enchères - Saint Laurent - Bergé Collection
Saint Laurent - Bergé Collection
The "sale of the century" fulfilled all its promises and more, celebrating the eye and taste of a duo of collectors that have gone down in the annals of the art market

It took just three days for the prince of couturiers, Yves Saint Laurent, and his Pygmalion, Pierre Bergé, to become the kings of the collecting world, with €373.9 M: the highest total in the world ever attained by a single-owner sale. In November 1997 in New York, the collection of Victor and Sally Ganz fetched a total of $207 M (the equivalent of €208.7 M today), while the Whitney collection amassed $320.9 M (€270.9 M) in three stages on 10 May 1999 and 5 and 18 May 2004, again in New York. In France, the highest total, FF634 M (€129.92 M, this time indicated without costs) went to the Bourdon couple's collection, dispersed on 25 March 1990 at Drouot. One of the results of the auction at the Grand Palais – and a not inconsiderable one – was to refocus the world art market on Paris. In addition, it proved that when it comes to collecting, passion, high quality standards, and freedom and boldness of choice – quite independent of fashion – are the best of rules. A lesson that should be learned by many budding collectors who over the past few years have forced prices up beyond the reasonable in some domains.  And lastly, this collection really imposed the "acute Saint Laurent eye" on the varied landscape of 20th century taste. An acuity summed up in this way by Alexis and Nicolas Kugel: "He would come without an appointment, stop in front of the most beautiful object, and without a world look at it, and move it around. A true artist, he would bring it closer to other objects, establishing connections between them we would never have dreamed of." Our collectors certainly liked the Kugel Gallery as a place to buy: more than 180 objects in the catalogue showed this provenance. Of the 686 lots described, nearly the entire collection, 95.5% (638 lots sold, 25 unsold, 3 withdrawn), found takers. The value rate, 93%, might make one suppose that the prices obtained were low compared with the estimates… But this was far from the truth with the majority of sections in the sale. It is mainly accounted for by the fact that the flagship lot, the Cubist painting by Picasso (reproduced on the cover of Gazette no. 6), found no takers.  But this was a somewhat relative disappointment, given that auctioneer François de Ricqlès, on the Monday evening, was visibly not seeking to push this picture – devoting hardly more than a minute to it – and that at the end of the auction, Pierre Bergé expressed his satisfaction at being able to keep it and give it to the foundation named after him and the couturier. This painting has undeniable emotional value, since it was probably the item most loved by Yves Saint Laurent, as he made plain in several interviews. 

On the eve of the Maastricht fair, this sale brought a breath of fresh air to the art market, somewhat sluggish since the autumn of 2008. Once again, this market showed its relative disconnection from the economic markets, particularly with works of high quality, unsullied by a recent passage in the market and flaunting a flattering pedigree. Buyers were thus prepared to pay high prices, as proved by the records achieved by not only several categories in the sale (Impressionist and Modern art, silverwork and 20th century Decorative Arts) but also a number of flagship artists of the 20th and even the previous century. With costs included, the threshold of €1 million was exceeded 61 times, with 16 lots topping €5 million. As regards the buyers, discretion was the order of the day in this period of recession, and with rare exceptions, the "top ten" of the various sessions communicated neither nationality nor status. The generous percentages revealed a considerable domination by Europeans (76%), with Americans (15%) coming a long way behind, the Middle East representing 5% and Asia 4%. Russian buyers were conspicuous by their absence. Before going into each session in detail, it is worth noting that the money from the sales was intended for the Pierre Bergé - Yves Saint Laurent Foundation, AIDS research and various charity actions (see the interview with Pierre Bergé on page 22 of Gazette no. 6). Lastly this collection, apart from wide media coverage, is also the subject of two books.

Piet Mondrian (1872-1944), "Composition avec bleu, rouge, jaune et noir", 1922, oil on canvas, 79.6 x 49.8 cm (detail)
Henri Matisse: record at €32 M
The apogee was reached on the very first evening, devoted to modern paintings, when the 59 lots sold reached a total of  €206,154,600 including costs, immediately taking the collection amassed by Pierre Bergé and Yves Saint Laurent to the top of the world hit parade, and crowning the biggest auction ever held in Europe. The room tuned out to be highly active, with a positive battery of telephones, enabling seven artists to achieve new world records. The top price in the sale,  €32 M (€35.9 M including costs), went to the 1911 painting by Henri Matisse, "Les Coucous, tapis bleu et rose" (81 x 65.5 cm), knocked down to broker Franck Giraud for a European client, against Alain Tarica, from whom Pierre Bergé and Yves Saint Laurent had bought the work in July 1981.  This beat an "Odalisque harmonie bleue" of 1937 (60.3 x 49.5 cm), sold for $33.6 M including costs in a still-booming market on 6 November 2007 at Christie’s in New York. The estimate for our painting was no higher than €18 M. Two other results should be noted for Matisse: at €7.3 M, the estimate was exceeded for his canvas painted in 1909 at Cavalière, "Nu au bord de la mer" (61.2 x 50. cm), together with the high limit of €6 M attained for the paper cut-out of 1937-1938, "Le Danseur" (74.9 x 62.2 cm). Eagerly awaited, the oakwood carving by Brancusi (see photo on right-hand page) fulfilled all its promises and was pushed up to €26 M, a world record for the artist. "Madame L.R." dethroned a proof in marble and stone dating from 1922-1923 of the legendary "Bird in Space" (h. 121.9 cm), which fetched $27.45 M including costs on 4 May 2005 at Christie’s in New York. Mondrian, represented by five works – a magical reunion – also achieved a world record at €19.2 M with his "Composition avec bleu, rouge, jaune et noir" of 1922 (see detail on page 37). The previous record, $21 M including costs, was held by a painting of 1941-1942,  "New York/Boogie Woogie" (95.2 x 92 cm), sold on 4 November 2004 at Sotheby’s in New York. The grey tones of "Composition avec grille 2" (97.4 x 62.5 cm) painted in 1918 attracted fierce competition, eventually fetching €12.8 M, while "Composition I" (75.2 x 65 cm) remained within its estimate at € 6.2 M. On behalf of the Centre Georges-Pompidou, Alfred Pacquement pre-empted the 1918 oil on canvas by Giorgio De Chirico, "Il Ritornante" (94 x 77.9 cm), for € 9.8 M – a world record for the artist. This oil painting came with a dream pedigree, as it was bought in 1925 from Paul Guillaume by Jacques Doucet, through a certain André Breton. Who could ask for more? The most Dadaist bid for the sale, €7.9 M, went to Marcel Duchamp for the perfume bottle "Belle haleine - Eau de voilette" (see left-hand page ), an assisted readymade of 1921, featuring the portrait of Duchamp's female alter ego, Rrose Sélavy (to be read as "Éros c’est la vie"), by Man Ray. This was of course a world record, crushing one of the eight proofs of 1964 of the fourth edition of the celebrated "Fontaine" of 1917, sold for $1.76 M on 17 November 1999 at Sotheby’s in New York. Our bottle was offered as a gift by Duchamp to Yvonne Chastel-Crotti, the former wife of the man who became the artist's brother-in-law, painter Jean Crotti. Yvonne had been the mistress of Duchamp/Rrose Sélavy. We can cite two more world records, one for James Ensor with the €4,4 M for the "Désespoir de Pierrot (Pierrot le jaloux)" painted in 1892 (117 x 166.6 cm), and secondly for Paul Klee's "Gartenfigur" (81.5 x 61.3 cm), an oil on canvas of 1932,  which fetched €3.1 M. Omnipresent in the room in the Rue de Babylone, Fernand Léger remained, at € 10,2 M, within the lower range of the estimate for  "La Tasse de thé" (91.7 x 64.8 cm), painted in 1921. The same went for "Le Damier jaune" (see Gazette no. 6, page 26) at €3.3 M. A fine performance was achieved by the pastel over monotype by Edgar Degas (see Gazette no. 6, page 27), "Femme à sa toilette", which was pushed up to €460,000.

Mad Tuesday
The first session of the day on Tuesday, which garnered €22,228,400 including costs with only18 lots sold (75% of the lots - 90% in value), saw a series of records flourish at a spanking pace. Théodore Géricault inaugurated this bouquet, at €8 M, with his "Portrait d’Alfred et Elisabeth Dedreux" (99.2 x 79.4 cm), an oil on canvas from 1818 with a decidedly strange atmosphere. His previous record, FF35.5 M (€7.5 M) went back to December 1989, at Sotheby’s in Monaco, with a painting of 1817-1820 in a more classical style, "Portrait de Laure Bro, née de Comeres" (45 x 5 cm). Another world record, €1.8 M, was set for Jean-Auguste Dominique Ingres this time, with his first painted portrait identified to date: that of the Comtesse de La Rue, on a small oval panel (29 x 23.3 cm). His canvas of "Jupiter et Thétis" (82 x 65 cm) had gone for FF14.4 M including costs (€3.05 M) in December 1989 at Christie’s. The record announced was thus one of relative value ($2.6 M, compared with $2.4 M according to the Artnet database), and was not updated. But we can signal another record for Ingres – in like-for-like value –, the one set for a work on paper with the €760,000 for a lead pencil drawing of 1819, a portrait of the engraver André-Benoît Barreau, known as Taurel (28.8 x 20.4 cm). In December 1999, a "Portrait d’homme" (Gioacchino Rossini?) fetched FF4 M (€703,480 ) at Piasa in Paris. A drawing by David, "Portrait d’homme de profil" (diam. 17.8 cm), at €480,000 went to second place in the list of the artist's works on paper, the first place still being held by a larger picture (33 x 42 cm), "Les Licteurs ramènent à Brutus le corps de ses fils morts", sold for €510,000 on 7 December 2005 at Drouot (see Gazette 2005, no. 44, page 33). The previous record for a work on paper by Arnold Böcklin – CHF11,000 – was crushed by the €340,000 obtained for a gouache of 1896, "Ulysses and Polyphemus" (39.1 x 143.2 cm). It consists of one of three overmantel pictures painted by the artist for his Italian villa; it also served to inspire a large painting of the same year. The five panels on paper by Burne-Jones c. 1875-1880, composing "Paradise, with the Worship of the Holy Lamb" (see Gazette no. 6, page 29), went for €500,000. At €920,000, the estimate was doubled for a canvas (101 x 71 cm) painted between 1872 and 1875 by the same artist, an allegorical figure of the moon. Meanwhile, Old Masters were not to be outdone. At €3.1 M, the estimate was trebled for one of Pierre Bergé's favourite paintings, "Portrait of a man holding a book", oil on canvas (65.7 x 48.7 cm) by Frans Hals. A similar success was achieved at €1.9M with an oil on canvas by Thomas Gainsborough, "Portrait of Giusto Ferdinando Tenducci holding a score" (see photo on page 43), estimated at no more than €600,000.

Hanover gold
The auction devoted to gold/silverwork and miniatures was very simply euphoric (100% in lots and value alike), as the very great majority of estimates were exceeded, often by a considerable amount.  The €19,882,375 garnered also set the world record for a sale of this speciality. The 14 pieces from the House of Hanover, via the Kugel Gallery, alone fetched a total of €6,134,000 including costs. And it was in fact the Kugel Gallery that pushed the 1649 silver-gilt quadruple cup up to €710,000 (see photo on page 40). This was probably a present from the city of Osterode to Georg-Wilhelm, Duke of Calenberg then Lunenbourg-Celle, on his accession to the dukedom in 1648. The Kugels also obtained, for €600,000, the spectacular so-called Bodendick table fountain in silver and silver-gilt (1628-1643 - h. 5.5 cm – 3.1 kg), a work by Evert Kettwyck of Hamburg. This also belonged to Georg-Wilhelm. We may remember that the Principality of Hanover was also called Calenberg. The third impressive result for the Hanover collection was €510,000 for the largest of the cups (h. 113 cm), bought by Kugel yet again. Known as the "Luneburg" cup after the town where it was produced, it was made in 1645, in silver and silver-gilt, by Nicolas Siemens. Three other Hanover cups reached the silverwork top ten. The royal treasure, to which these pieces belong, was saved from the annexation of the kingdom by Prussia in 1866, having been buried, and then went with the Hanover family to their exile in Vienna. Second place in this dazzling list went, at €650,000 ( an estimate more than trebled), to an armillary sphere held up by Chronos, a parcel-gilt model (h. 34,5 cm - 1 kg) by Jakob Mannlinch of Troppau, c. 1630. The Baden Dish in silver, silver-gilt and enamel (1562-1586 - diam. 46.5 cm – 3.2 kg) from the Augsburg workshop of Abraham 1st Lotter, at €550,000 trebled its estimate. This bears the arms of the Margrave Karl II Baden-Durlach (1529-1577), and commemorated his adoption of the Augsburg Confession, the founding text of Lutheranism. With the mounted nautilus shells, the top price of €420,000 went to one by Jeremias Michael of Augsbourg (1610-1612), in silver and silver-gilt (see page 28 of Gazette no. 6).
François-Xavier Lalanne (1927-2008), "bar YSL", 1965, nickel silver, brass, metal and steel, 130 x 167 x 53.5 cm.
World record for the artist.
Eileen Gray shoots to stardom
If there is one field in which Pierre Bergé and Yves Saint-Laurent truly left their mark, it is that of Art Deco. For they were two of the pioneers who, during the Sixties, began to take an interest in this style, as yet not really identified and consequently neglected. In 1966, when the Musée des Arts Décoratifs staged the exhibition entitled "Les Années 1925", works by Sonia Delaunay, for example,  were greeted as follows by George Lepape: "Well, it's fine for concierges!" A clear sign that the path to widespread recognition would be somewhat arduous!  The previous year, our two collectors had eagerly acquired a pair of monumental vases (h. 100 cm) in lacquered dinanderie with geometrical decoration produced by Jean Dunand for the courtyard of the Pavillon des Métiers d’Art in the famous exhibition of 1925. It has now set a new record for Dunand: €2.7 M. This artist was one of those most represented in the collection (see page 42). However, Dunand was not the only winner. The Decorative Arts of the 20th century in fact achieved the world record for the speciality, with a total of €59.15 M, thus topping the €50.73 M fetched by the Claude and Simone Dray collection on 8 June 2006 at Christie’s in Paris. We may remember that the Dray collection had set an absolute record for a 20th century objet d’art with €3.8 M for a pair of jardinières by Albert-Armand Rateau. An amount pulverised by the €19.5 M given for Eileen Gray's Dragons armchair (see photo on right-hand page). This is inseparable from a legendary interior designed by the artist, the apartment of Suzanne Talbot. Saint Laurent and Bergé acquired it in 1973 from a collector who had himself bought it for FF15, 000  (the equivalent of €13,706 today) from Bob and Cheska Vallois. The latter were precisely at the origin of the record bid for our seat made on behalf of a collector, who gave them carte blanche. When it comes to love, you don't count the cost... Also from Suzanne Talbot's apartment, a lacquer enfilade executed between 1915 and 1917 (l225 cm) was within its estimate at €3.5 M. This was not the case with a pre-1920 lacquer console, again by Eileen Gray, which fetched €2 M. The more Avant-gardist "Suspension  Satellite" of c. 1925, originally designed by Gray for her own use, attracted keen competition and eventually went for €2.6 M. From an opening price of €300,000, François Curiel shot up straight away to €400,000, when no fewer than nine hands went up in the room. Another world record was set for Gustave Miklos, whose pair of couches of 1928-1929 just made €1.5 M. These are in palm and lacquered bronze, with seats covered in leopard skin.  Pierre Bergé and Yves Saint Laurent had acquired them in 1972 at the dispersion of the Jacques Doucet collection, which launched the Art Deco market in the auction room. Presented as anonymous, the pair had been bought for FF37,000 (€31,850 today). With more recent designers, the Lalannes were well and truly to the fore: the 15 naturalistic mirrors designed by Claude between 1974 and 1985 for the Rue de Babylone music room went up to €1.6 M, and the library bar especially designed in 1965 by François-Xavier shot to €2.4 M (see photo on page 38). These prices were world records for each artist. Again in the field of world records, we can note that of Eckart Muthesius: €2.2 M for a pair of parquet lamps created in 1930 for the Maharajah of Indore's palace entrance hall. Each one is has the form of a four-sided column in alpaca set in white frosted glass (h. 132.5 cm). €950,000 went to Armand-Albert Rateau's bronze six-legged occasional table with a green marble top (diam. 84 cm). Meanwhile, the Africanist curule stool by Pierre Legrain, of between 1920 and 1925 (see Gazette no. 6, page 29), fetched €380,000.
Eileen Gray (1878-1976), Dragons armchair, c. 1917-1919, 61 x 91 x 67 cm.
World record for the artist  and for the Decorative Arts of the 20th century
Record for Venetian enamels
The last catalogue in the sale – a thick tome of nearly 700 pages – displayed admirable eclecticism in the style of a "cabinet of curiosities" valued at €67 M. This final day was dominated by two bronze heads – a rat (h. 30 cm) and a rabbit (h. 45 cm) – from the zodiac fountain in the Summer Palace of the Emperor Qianlong (1734-1795). Each went for €14 M, having been estimated at €8 M. The lively controversy – plentifully relayed by the media – aroused by the sale of these two heads, contested by the Chinese government because of reason for their exit from the country, the sack of the Summer Palace in 1860, will have escaped no-one. The  morning of last Monday saw a further episode in the story when the Chinese buyer – Cai Mingchao – announced his refusal to pay for the heads. Unexpectedly, this attitude triggered the anger of the Chinese press, The Beijing News stating that "above and beyond patriotic feeling, the most important thing is to keep one's word" (AFP dispatch). The Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs indicated that for his part, he had no contact with Cai. So, we await the next exciting instalment…
Archaeology was also the subject of considerable interest, enabling the nude marble torso of a Roman athlete from the 1st/2nd century (h. 99 cm), which used to stand proudly in the Rue de Babylone entrance hall, to shoot up to €1.1 M, thus trebling the estimate. Dating from the same period, the marble minotaur reproduced on page 31 of Gazette no. 6 reached €760,000. With Classical furniture, the top price, €800,000 , was obtained by a suite of mid-18th century eighteen Italian chairs – those of the Rue de Babylone dining room: genuine pieces of sculpture in gilt wood. These originally came from the Carrega-Cataldi Palace in Genoa. The fourth bid of the day to top one  million, €1.75 M, went to a bronze Head of Janus form the studio of Primaticcio (see photo opposite). The estimate was no more than €200,000 for this piece bought by Pierre Bergé at the Aaron gallery, "a derisory sum for the time," according to Le Figaro. In general, sculptures aroused fierce competition. Of the bronzes, we can also note another estimate that was doubled, at €600,000, for the "Reclining Hermaphroditus" (l. 40.5 cm) from the second quarter of the 16th century, after the antique statue, attributed to Gianfranco Susini (1592-1646). The brown patina reveals traces of translucent gilt brown lacquer. With sculpture, we can mention the €700,000, three times the estimate, for a series of four 18th century French wooden busts painted in cream and gilded (h. 77 to 84.5 cm). They consist of allegorical figures of the four continents. Meanwhile, German turned ivories obtained a record with €380,000 for a 17th century covered cup. The same bid was awarded to an astonishing tower with compartments in carved ivory (h. 57 cm) made in 1657 by Achille Hermansreyt Agamemnon. An inscription in one of the boxes asserts that the artist, of whom this is the only work known to date, is the model's inventor.  This tower is housed in its shaped, velvet-lined leather box of the period.  Of the two enamel ensembles in the collection from Limoges and Venice, those produced on the Lagoon met with the greatest success. They all found takers, most estimates being largely surpassed.  A world record was obtained for Venetian enamels with the €350,000 awarded to the ewer basin, c. 1500, in painted and partially gilded polychrome enamel (diam. 49.5 cm). The dish reproduced on page 30 of Gazette no. 6 went for €70,000. The Limoges enamels aroused less competition, with 5 lots finding no takers, and the estimates for once being respected or only just achieved. The bid of €280,000 was heard twice, however. First of all for a dish from the third quarter of the 16th century (39.3 x 53 cm) by Jean Court, showing the Marriage of Psyche, then for a ewer basin (diam. 43.8 cm) of 1558, again by Jean Court, representing the Triumph of Ceres. We shall end the Saint Laurent - Bergé saga with the €280,000 fetched by the curious pair of reliefs by Johann Matthias Jansen, c. 1780-1785, one of which, the Flute Player, is reproduced on page 30 of Gazette no. 6. The other subject is a Hurdy-gurdy Player. The pair is made of terracotta, mother-of-pearl and shells on wood.
Monday 23, Tuesday 24 and Wednesday 25 February 2009.
Grand Palais. Christie’s France auction house, in association with Pierre Bergé & Associés SVV
La Gazette Drouot N°9 - 6 mars 2009 - Sylvain Alliod
Key figures
for the collection

Estimate  € 200 et 300 M Total €373,935,500 

Impressionist and Modern art
61 lots - €206.15 M - 97% in lots - 90% in value.

Old Master and 16th century paintings and drawings
24 lots - €22.22 M - 75% in lots - 90% in value.

Silver/goldwork, miniatures and objets de vertu
110 lots – €19.88 M - 100% in lots - 100% in value

Decorative Arts of the 20th century
149 lots - €59.15 M - 95% in lots - 98% in value.

Objets d’art, sculptures
279 lots - €24.20 M - 95% in lots - 96% in value. Asian Arts, archaeology, furniture, ceramics
63 lots - €42.8 M.

The exhibition
Over 30,000 visitors in two and a half days, who often queued for more than four hours, not counting those who were unable to get in

A remarkable venue
The biggest sale room in the world: the Grand Palais. This was the first time that this venue had been used to hold an auction. Its 13,500 sq. m. space was set up by stage director Nathalie Crinière, who designed 12 exhibition rooms. The sale room seating 1,200 occupied the transept of the naveef.

The catalogue
5 volumes, a highly practical exhibition guide and a DVD, all boxed.  686 lots described. Over 8,000 copies printed, all sold. Weight: 10 kg. Price: €200. Already a collector's item! !

The musique
La Callas singing "Casta Diva" before each sales session, just as before the fashion shows for Yves Saint Laurent haute couture collections.

The most loyal spectator
Moujik, Yves Saint Laurent's French bulldog.

These included those for Matisse (€35.9 M), Brancusi (€29.18 M), Eileen Gray (€21.9 M), Mondrian (€21.56 M), De Chirico (€11.04 M), Géricault (€90.2 M), Duchamp (8.91 M), Ensor (€4.9 M), Klee (€3.98 M), Dunand (€3.08 M), Ingres (2.08 M), F.-X. Lalanne (2.75 M), Muthesius (€2.52 M), C. Lalanne (€1.85 M), Miklos (€1.74 M).

Des Totaux
Henri Matisse:  €50,931,000 (3 lots).
Piet Mondrian: €43,677,000 (5 lots).
Fernand Léger: €25,134,000 (6 lots).
Paul Klee: €6,178,000 (2 lots).
James Ensor: €5,683,600 (4 lots).
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: €3,440,000  (4 lots).
Eileen Gray: €31,172,000 (4 lots).
Jean Dunand: €5,225,600 (19 lots).
The Lalannes: François-Xavier: €3,826,000 (6 lots), Claude: €2,183,000  (3 lots), jointly: €97,000  (1 lot).
Jean-Michel Frank: €2,416,350 (19 lots).
Hanover cups: €6,134,000 (14 lots).
Bestiaries in silver and silver-gilt: €3,532,000 (16 lots).
Gold boxes: €1,492,450 (16 lots).
Cameos: €1 311 900 (61 lots).
Mugs in silver and silver-gilt: €847 200 (10 lots).

Asian art: €32,334,600 (9 lots).
Archaeology: €4,283,600 (14 lots).
Bronze sculptures: €8,526,800 (66 lots).
Limoges enamels: €3,467,700 (33 lots).
Venetian enamels: €2,135,400 (21 lots).
Moghul daggers: €301,950 (10 lots).
Narwhal horns: €367,400 (5 lots).
Rock crystals: €304,600 (11 lots).

Centre Georges-Pompidou: €11.04 M for Giorgio de Chirico, Il Ritornante.
Musée d’Orsay: €577,000 for James Ensor, "Au Conservatoire", and €385,000 for Édouard Vuillard, "Les Lilas".
Musée du Louvre: €481, 000 for a diamond portrait box (see photo opposite).
Musée d’Écouen: €217,000 for an enamelled plaque by Léonard Limousin, c. 1540, "Paris", and €103 000 for a pair of enamelled plaques from the mid-16th century by Martial Ydeux, "Le Roi Arthur à cheval" and "Josue à cheval".

To the Louvre: a painting by Francisco de Goya, "Portrait of Don Luis Maria de Cistue".
To the Musée d’Orsay: a tapestry by Edward Coley Burne-Jones, "The Adoration of the Magi".

Box of c. 1680 with portrait of Louis XIV, miniature by Jean I Petitot, enamel mount set with diamonds by Pierre or Laurent Le Tessier de Montarsy, h. 7.2 cm. Pre-empted by the Musée du Louvre.

Christoph Uder, 1649, Osterode quadruple cup, silver-gilt, h. 56 cm, 1556 g

Constantin Brancusi (1876-1957), "Madame L.R." (Portrait of Mme L.R.), c. 1914-17, carved oakwood, h.117,1 cm. World record for the artist.

Studio of Francesco Primaticcio (1504-1570), third quarter of the 16th century, "Janus", bronze, h. 38 cm.

€8 913 000.
Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), "Belle haleine Eau de voilette", 1921, purple oval box in cardboard, glass perfume bottle, h. 16.5 cm. World record for the artist.

Roman Art, 1st/2nd century.
Torso of Athlete, marble, h. 99 cm